Engineering is first of all an art, discipline and profession that gets applied scientifically to develop, design, discuss and analyze any technical solutions. In this type of contemporary age, it is usually considered to comprise of major branches of Chemical Engineering with sub branches, Civil Engineering with major sub branches, Electrical Engineering and Mechanical Engineering with major branches. There are many other sub branches, sub disciplines and also interdisciplinary subjects which are derived from concentrations of all major engineering branches.
They types of Engineering branches are-
1. Software Engineering-
a. Computer Aided Engineering
b. Cryptographic Engineering
c. Teletraffic Engineering
d. Web Engineering
Software Engineering is the study and application of engineering with the help of an interface, usually known as software. So, this is known as Software Engineering.
Computer Aided Engineering is the wide use of Computer software to help in the analysis of anything. This includes all the analysis namely Computational Fluid Dynamics, Finite Element Analysis, Multi body dynamics and Optimization. We can clearly say that design type engineer who works on a software is a Computer Aided Engineer.
Cryptographic Engineering is the technique of using Cryptography for solving all the human problems with the help pf a computer. It is most technically applied while trying to provide all the safety and data confidentially to authenticate genuine people or devices. It is mostly used in risky areas.
Teletraffic engineer is the discipline of traffic engineering theory to telecommunications. All the engineers of this type use their knowledge of statistics, their practical models, technical models and many more to make all predictions and to plan communication networks namely phone or internet. These are for reducing the cost.
Web Engineering is the major platform for the audibility and visibility of all other platforms to public. For a variety of sophisticated enterprise application in many domains, these techniques are used. These exhibit any complex algorithms and many loops in between which will be more difficult to understand and so much secure.
2. Chemical Engineering-
a. Bio-molecular Engineering
b. Materials Engineering
c. Molecular Engineering
d. Process Engineering
e. Corrosion Engineering
Bio-molecular Engineering primarily focuses only on the basic manufacturing and production of bio-molecules. Genetic engineering, Immunology and Engineering of RNA and DNA are major specialties related to Bio-molecular Engineering.
Materials Engineering is the type of engineering that involves all the properties of matter, material and its applications to engineering. Metallurgical studies, Ceramic Engineering, Polymer Engineering, Crystal Engineering are all the major specialties related to Materials Engineering.
Molecular Engineering primarily focuses only on the basic manufacturing of Molecules. It has no major specialties.
Process Engineering is the diverse of all the Engineering subs. It focuses mainly on design, operation, control and also optimization o all chemical processes. Petroleum refinery engineering, Plastics Engineering, Paper engineering and Textile Engineering are some of the major specialties of Process Engineering.
Corrosion Engineering is a special Engineering discipline which applies scientific knowledge, physical resources and natural laws in order to design, implement and to manage the natural phenomenon known as Corrosion.
3. Civil Engineering-
a. Environmental Engineering
b. Geo Technical Engineering
c. Structural Engineering
d. Mining Engineering
e. Transport Engineering
f. Water Resources Engineering
Environmental Engineering includes Ecological Engineering, Fire protection Engineering, Sanitary Engineering, Wastewater Engineering, urban Engineering as its specialties. This is the application of engineering for improving the environment and also to protect the environment.
Geo technical Engineering is only concerned with the behavior of geological materials only at the site of the major Civil Engineering. Mining Engineering and Foundation Engineering are the major specialties.
Structural Engineering is the study of structures that support or resist all the structural loads. Architectural Engineering and Ocean Engineering are the major specialties. Wind Engineering also comes into this
Mining Engineering is the knowledge of mining with the process of mineral extraction, economic balances and many more.
Transport Engineering is the engineering that ensures safety and reliable transportation of people and also the goods.
Water Resources Engineering is the prediction and planning of management of resources. Hydraulic Engineering, River Engineering, Coastal Engineering are the major specialties.
4. Electrical Engineering-
a. Computer Engineering
b. Electronic Engineering
c. Optical Engineering
d. Power Engineering
Software Engineering or Computer Engineering is the application of systematic and quantifiable approach to develop, maintain and study all the approaches. Controlling and computing comes under software Engineering.
Electronic Engineering is the design of circuits and components such as capacitors, resistors, inductors, diodes and transistors. Control Engineering and Telecommunications Engineering are the specialties of Electronic Engineering.
Optical Engineering is the design of instruments that has and utilize the properties and characteristics of Electro Magnetic Radiation.
Power Engineer is the transmission, generation and distribution of power or electricity and the device design such as transformers and motors which are used in distribution of power.
5. Mechanical Engineering-
a. Acoustical Engineering
b. Manufacturing Engineering
c. Thermal Engineering
d. Sports Engineering
e. Vehicle Engineering
f. Power Plant and Energy Engineering
Mechanical Engineering includes the design, analysis and usage of thermal and mechanical power for the operation of mechanical machines.
Acoustical Engineering is the manipulation and control of vibration isolation and unwanted sounds during the operations.
Manufacturing Engineering is the dealing of manufacturing practices with research and development of machines, tools and equipment.
Thermal Engineering is the work on heating and cooling of equipment in closed or semi closed environments. Air conditioning, Refrigeration of enclosed place, Heating and Ventilating, Air conditioning and Refrigerating are the specialties.
Sports Engineering is the field of engineering that includes the design, development and testing of all sports equipment being released.
Vehicle Engineering includes Automotive Engineering, Naval Engineering, Naval Architecture, Aerospace Engineering, Marine Engineering and Oceanographic Engineering. It also involves the design and manufacturing with operation of all the systems of control vehicles.
Power Plant Engineering and Energy Engineering are the broadest engineering specialties with more than 20 options to go. It includes Geothermal Power plants, Coal fired power plants, Hydroelectric Power plants, Diesel Engine power plants, source from waves,i.e. Tidal power plants, Wind turbine power plants, Solar power plants, Energy management and many more.
There are many other interdisciplinary disciplines. They are as follows-
1. Aerospace Engineering
2. Agricultural Engineering
3. Bio Mechanical use in Engineering
4. Bio Process use in Engineering
5. Bio Technical use in Engineering
6. Ecological Engineering
7. Food Engineering
8. Forest Engineering
9. Health and Safety Engineering
10. Natural Resources Engineering
11. Machinery Systems Engineering
12. Applied Engineering
15. Computer Aided Drawing Design
16. Nano Technology
17. Bio Instrumentation
18. Bio Informatics
19. Bio Mechanics
20. Bio Technology
21. Clinical Engineering
22. Neural Engineering
23. Pharmaceutical Engineering
24. Rehabilitation Engineering
25. Bio Acoustics use in Engineering
26. Bio Chemical use in Engineering
27. Bio Medical use in Engineering
28. Bio Systems use in Engineering
29. Bio Molecular use in Engineering
30. Cellular Engineering
31. Genetic Engineering
32. Protein Engineering
33. Safety Engineering
34. Systems Biology
35. Tissue Engineering
36. Building Services Engineering
37. Energy Engineering
38. Railway Engineering
39. Industrial Engineering
40. Management Engineering
41. Military Engineering
42. Petroleum Engineering
43. Textile Engineering
These are some of the types of Interdisciplinary Engineering branches